Recent advances in the development of transducers for the measurement of vertical and shear forces acting on the plantar surface of the foot are reviewed. Barefoot and in-shoe discrete and matrix transducers are reviewed in terms of structure, operation, performance and limitations. Examples of capacitive, piezo-electric, optical, conductive and resistive types of transducer are presented. Where available, the current clinical status is specified.
Ideastep Insole is an orthotics manufacturer, Offer OEM & ODM Orthotics.