Since the heel is the largest bone in the foot, it’s only normal that you’ll feel heel pain at some point in your life. To decide the best treatment for heel pain, one must first understand and differentiate between the various forms of heel pain, their causes, and symptoms.
Heel pain can manifest itself in a number of ways.
Plantar fasciitis is an inflammation and discomfort of the plantar fascia, a thick ligament that attaches the heel bone to the base of the toes on the bottom of the foot. Heel pain may occur when the plantar fascia is overworked and stressed.
Heel spur: A bony protrusion that arises where the fascia tissue attaches to the heel bone is known as a heel spur. People who participate in long-term high-impact activities like running or jogging, which tire out the plantar fascia, are more likely to develop this disorder.
Bursitis is a condition in which the bursa sac that covers the heel joint becomes inflamed. It’s likely that you’ll feel discomfort in the back of your heel or beneath it. Inflammation can result from structural foot problems that affect a person’s gait.
Heel injury: Swelling and inflammation can occur when the heel is injured, even though it is a mild and accidental injury.
Achilles tendonitis is an inflammation, irritation, or degeneration of the Achilles tendon, a large band of fibrous tissue that links the heel bone to the foot.
Treatment for Heel Pain
Shoes are a must. Wearing proper shoes, regardless of the type of heel pain you have, is an important part of managing heel pain. If you’re searching for heel pain shoes or heel pain sandals, make sure they have the following features:
Support the arch, balance the body, and avoid excessive pronation with biomechanical orthotic insoles. This relieves pressure on the plantar fascia and heel.
The heel cup is contoured to hug the foot.
The fat pad is covered and cushioned by thick padding under the heel.
Lightweight ergonomic sole with moderate rocker bottom to propel and promote foot motion.
A multilayer midsole with soft cushioning absorbs shock and eliminates heel impacts.
Rest, minimizing or discontinuing the physical activity that triggers the discomfort, ice, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicine, physical therapy, cortisone injections, immobilization boot, or surgery in extreme cases are all options for treating plantar fasciitis.
Rest, ice, stretching, taping the strained muscles, physical therapy, cortisone injections, night splints, and surgery as a last resort are all options for heel spur care.
Stretching, ice, rest, physical therapy, cortisone injections, night splints, and surgery as a last resort are all options for treating bursitis.
Icing the swollen region and shielding it from further damage are two remedies for an injured heel. Socks or footwear with a padded heel are important.
Rest, ice, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicine, physical therapy, and stretching are also used to treat Achilles tendonitis.
Wearing supportive footwear that does not pinch the heel is part of the treatment for trapped heel nerves. If the trapped nerve is caused by a sprain or fracture, it must first be treated.